INFOLINKS ADS

Tuesday, June 22, 2010

Present tense passive, present tense pasif, passive present tense

Be pada kalimat pasif (passive sentence).
Kalau pada dua fungsi yang di atas kita membahasa hanya is, am, dan are pada kalimat present tense, kemudian was, dan were pada kalimat past tense. Maka pada fungsi yang ke tiga ini kita juga akan membahas mengenai kata bantu yang lain yakni do dan does pada kalimat present tense yang mengandung kata kerja, dan did pada past tense yang juga dalam kalimatnya terdapat kata kerja.
Kalimat aktif ialah kalimat yang subjeknya adalah pelaku pada kalimat tersebut. Sedangkan kalimat pasif ialah kalimat dimana objek menjadi subjek.
3.1.a Present tense aktif positif
Tamariza buys a box of chocolate every week.
Mardi washes his car every day.
Dog always bites a bone.
I make a lot of errors in my life.
We often spend our vacation in Bali.
They cook fried rice every month.
You eat a banana every day.

3.1.b Present tense passive positif
A box of chocolate is bought every week by Tamariza.
His car is washed every day by her.
A bone is always bitten by dog.
A lot of errors are made in my life by me.
Our vacation is often spent in Bali.
Fried rice is cooked every month by them.
A banana is eaten everyday by you.

Kalimat present tense aktif negatif tidak langsung mendapatkan imbuhan “not” pada kalimat positif yang akan dibuat menjadi kalimat negative melainkan menggunakan kata bantu yaitu do dan does setelah subjeknya. Tetapi untuk kalimat pasifnya kita bisa langsung menambahkan not setelah be.
active
Tamariza doesn’t buy a box of chocolate every week.
Mardi doesn’t wash his car every day.
Dog doesn’t always bite a bone.
I don’t make a lot of errors in my life.
We don’t often spend our vacation in Bali.
They don’t cook fried rice every month.
You don’t eat a banana every day.

Passive
A box of chocolate is not bought every week
His car is not washed every day by her.
A bone is not always bitten by dog.
A lot of errors are not made in my life by me.
Our vacation is not often spent in Bali.
Fried rice is not cooked every month by them.
A banana is not eaten everyday by you.

Pada kalimat present tense aktif introgatif sama halnya pada kalimat interogatif yang lain yaitu membuat kata kerja bantunya di depan subjek.
Active interogative
Does Tamariza buy a box of chocolate every week?
Does Mardi wash his car every day?
Does dog always bite a bone?
Do I make a lot of errors in my life?
Do we often spend our vacation in Bali?
Do they cook fried rice every month?
Do you eat a banana every day?
Pola kalimat present tense aktif

Passive interogative
Is a box of chocolate bought every week?
Is his car washed every day by her?
Is a bone always bitten by dog?
Are a lot of errors made in my life by me?
Is our vacation often spent in Bali?
Is fried rice cooked every month by them?
Is a banana eaten everyday by you?

Positif: subjek + verb(s) + obj. /adv. /complement
Negatif: subjek + do/does + not + obj. /adv. /complement
Interogatif: do/does + subjek + obj. /adv. /complement

Pada kalimat positif kata kerjanya ditambahkan “s” bila subjeknya ialah he,she, dan it. Dan pada kalimat negatetif does digunakan bila subjeknya ialah he,she, it. Pembahasan khusus mengenai kalimat present tense akan dibahas pada pembahasan yang lain.

Pola kalimat present tense pasif
Positif: subjek + be + past participle + obj. /adv. /complement
Negatif: subjek + be + not + past participle + obj. /adv. /complement
Interogatif: be + subjek + past participle + obj. /adv. /complement

Jika subjeknya kata benda tunggal (singular) maka be-nya ialah is, apabila subjeknya ialah kata benda jamak (plural) atau lebih dari satu maka be-nya ialah are.

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